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Dapeng Fortress
Sprawling 110,000 square meters on the shoreline of east Shenzhen’s Longgang District, Dapeng Fortress is the most complete military fortress of the Ming Dynasty in South China. Built in 1394 by a general called Zhang Bin to resist Japanese pirates, the military base's primary function was to safeguard an area that is now part of Hong Kong and the east of Shenzhen. The fortress was put on China's list of protected historical sites in 2001, and it is so far the only site in the city listed.
Admission: 20 yuan
Add: Dapeng Subdistrict, Longgang
District ( 龙岗区大鹏街道)
Tel: 0755-84319269, 84315618
Web site: www.szdpsc.com
Hours: 9:00 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
Bus: b756 (Da Peng Suo Cheng stop 大鹏所城站)

Xin’an Ancient Town
Xin’an Ancient Town also known as Nantou Ancient Town, is one of Shenzhen’s largest historical sites, covering an area of 70,000 square meters. Its history can be traced back 1,700 years. Here you can find the decorated archway of Xin’an Ancient Town, the Temple of Guandi, the Wen Tianxiang Memorial and many other historical sites repaired in recent years. Located beside the noisy Nantou Footbridge in Nanshan, the history of the ruins of Xin’an Ancient Town goes back to 331 during the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), when Dongguan Prefecture was built.
Add: Nantou Footbridge, Nanshan District
( 南山区南头天桥)
Tel: 0755-26621170
Hours: 8:30 a.m.-6 p.m.
Buses: 232, 355, 433, 105, 204, 210, 21, 22, 37, 42, 105, 201, 226, 233, 301, 310, 311, 315, 327, 435, 477, 22, 42, 105, 201, 204, 233, 234 (Xin An Gu Cheng stop 新安古城站)

Dawan Ancestral Residence
Located 50 kilometers from downtown Shenzhen, the biggest Hakka residence in the city covers 16,600 square meters in Dawan Village, Pingshan New Area. Surrounded by modern buildings, the ancient residence, now a Hakka folk culture museum, appears strikingly grand. Archaeologists believe the founder of Dawan Ancestral Residence was Zeng Chuanzhou, the 71st-generation descendant of Zeng Sen, who was one of the best known disciples of Confucius during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.). More than 300 people from the Zeng family lived in the residence at its peak. Many migrated to Hong Kong and foreign countries in the 1970s.
Add: Hakka Village, Huangping community, 33 Dawan Road, Pingshan New District
Buses: 365, 833, 818, M357, M268, 802, 939, 812, B726, B677, B762, M298, B765 (Maluan community committee马峦居委站)
Tel: 0755-28824192

Longtian Ancestral Residence
Covering an area of 5,000 square meters, Longtian Ancestral Residence in Pingshan New District is one of the best preserved Hakka residences in Shenzhen. The house was listed by Guangdong as a protected historical site in 2002. Like the traditional Hakka houses, Longtian Ancestral Residence is grand-looking like an old castle with high walls and upturned eaves. The residence was built in 1837 by a Huang family from Meizhou, Guangdong. At its height, more than 160 people used to live in the house. The family has long since scattered to diffeent parts of the world, but many of them return to the family house to pay tribute to ancestors during significant occasions like the Spring Festival and Qingming Festival (Tomb Sweeping Day).
Add: Tianduanxin Community, Kengzi, Pingshan New District
Buses: 366, 855, 863, 868, 866, E21 (Daxing road crossing 大兴路口站)

Chiwan Goddess Temple
As a coastal region, Shenzhen has several temples honoring Tianhou, the Chinese goddess of the sea. The goddess temple in Chiwan, Shekou, is the most splendid of them all. According to historical records, Chiwan Goddess Temple is one of only three goddess temples named by Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) emperors among the 3,900 temples dedicated to the goddess throughout China. The other two are in Tianjin and Quanzhou in Fujian, both important ports since ancient times. Locals started building the Chiwan temple during the early Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). It was later developed and expanded over the Ming and Qing dynasties, with support from the emperors. The temple’s prime was during the Ming and Qing dynasties, when it served as an important link between China and Southeast Asia. All ambassador delegations going to Southeast Asia had to worship at the temple before setting sail.
Admission: 15 yuan
Add: Chiwan Road 6, Nanshan District (南山区赤湾六路)
Tel: 0755-26853219
Hours: 8 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
Buses: 226, 355 (Tian Hou Gong stop 天后宫站)

Zhongying Street
From a former shopping paradise to a place of national pride, the 250-meter-long Zhongying Street is now listed by the city as one of its top eight sightseeing spots. The street was the product of a treaty signed by China and the United Kingdom in 1898 and once divided British-controlled Hong Kong and the Chinese mainland. Eight boundary stones still divide the street, indicating what was once the border. Zhongying Street lives in the memory of most Chinese as a shopping paradise in the 1980s and 1990s. Wall-to-wall stores packed both sides of the street and reminded visitors of Hong Kong’s hustle and bustle. From daily necessities such as soap, socks and shampoo, imported fruit such as mangos, to precious gold and jewelry, it could satisfy most needs in those days. The glory days of Zhongying Street, however, have long gone. Today, only a few scattered shops remain along the street.
Add: Shatoujiao Subdistrict, Yantian
District ( 盐田区沙头角街道)
Tel: 0755-25553569
Hours: 9 a.m.-4 p.m.
Buses: 103, 103b, 202, 205, 363
(San Jia Dian stop 三家店站)